The International Criminal Court (ICC) was established by the Rome Statute which is an international treaty/agreement binding on countries who are signatories to and ratify the convention. The Rome Statute is a diplomatic treaty that was adopted and came into force on the 1st July, 2002 and established the ICC. The Rome Statute has 139 signatories and 124 parties to it.
By the provisions of the Rome Statute, the ICC has the power to investigate and prosecute on the following core international crimes:
- Crimes against humanity
- War crimes
- Crime of aggression.
The investigative powers of the ICC is mostly triggered where states who are signatories to the Rome Statute are either unable or unwilling to investigate the above listed international crimes under the jurisdiction of the court. Continue reading